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   Unix SMB/CIFS implementation.

   trivial database library - private includes

   Copyright (C) Andrew Tridgell              2005
     ** NOTE! The following LGPL license applies to the tdb
     ** library. This does NOT imply that all of Samba is released
     ** under the LGPL
   This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

#include "replace.h"
#include "system/filesys.h"
#include "system/time.h"
#include "system/shmem.h"
#include "system/select.h"
#include "system/wait.h"
#include "tdb.h"

#define getpagesize() 0x2000

typedef uint32_t tdb_len_t;
typedef uint32_t tdb_off_t;

#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(t,f) ((unsigned int)&((t *)0)->f)

#define TDB_MAGIC_FOOD "TDB file\n"
#define TDB_VERSION (0x26011967 + 6)
#define TDB_MAGIC (0x26011999U)
#define TDB_RECOVERY_MAGIC (0xf53bc0e7U)
#define FREELIST_TOP (sizeof(struct tdb_header))
#define TDB_ALIGN(x,a) (((x) + (a)-1) & ~((a)-1))
#define TDB_BYTEREV(x) (((((x)&0xff)<<24)|((x)&0xFF00)<<8)|(((x)>>8)&0xFF00)|((x)>>24))
#define TDB_DEAD(r) ((r)->magic == TDB_DEAD_MAGIC)
#define TDB_BAD_MAGIC(r) ((r)->magic != TDB_MAGIC && !TDB_DEAD(r))
#define TDB_HASH_TOP(hash) (FREELIST_TOP + (BUCKET(hash)+1)*sizeof(tdb_off_t))
#define TDB_HASHTABLE_SIZE(tdb) ((tdb->header.hash_size+1)*sizeof(tdb_off_t))
#define TDB_DATA_START(hash_size) (TDB_HASH_TOP(hash_size-1) + sizeof(tdb_off_t))
#define TDB_RECOVERY_HEAD offsetof(struct tdb_header, recovery_start)
#define TDB_SEQNUM_OFS    offsetof(struct tdb_header, sequence_number)
#define TDB_PAD_BYTE 0x42
#define TDB_PAD_U32  0x42424242

/* NB assumes there is a local variable called "tdb" that is the
 * current context, also takes doubly-parenthesized print-style
 * argument. */
#define TDB_LOG(x) tdb->log.log_fn x

/* lock offsets */
#define GLOBAL_LOCK      0
#define ACTIVE_LOCK      4

/* free memory if the pointer is valid and zero the pointer */
#ifndef SAFE_FREE
#define SAFE_FREE(x) do { if ((x) != NULL) {free(x); (x)=NULL;} } while(0)

#define BUCKET(hash) ((hash) % tdb->header.hash_size)

#define DOCONV() (tdb->flags & TDB_CONVERT)
#define CONVERT(x) (DOCONV() ? tdb_convert(&x, sizeof(x)) : &x)

/* the body of the database is made of one list_struct for the free space
   plus a separate data list for each hash value */
struct list_struct {
      tdb_off_t next; /* offset of the next record in the list */
      tdb_len_t rec_len; /* total byte length of record */
      tdb_len_t key_len; /* byte length of key */
      tdb_len_t data_len; /* byte length of data */
      uint32_t full_hash; /* the full 32 bit hash of the key */
      uint32_t magic;   /* try to catch errors */
      /* the following union is implied:
            union {
                  char record[rec_len];
                  struct {
                        char key[key_len];
                        char data[data_len];
                  uint32_t totalsize; (tailer)

/* this is stored at the front of every database */
struct tdb_header {
      char magic_food[32]; /* for /etc/magic */
      uint32_t version; /* version of the code */
      uint32_t hash_size; /* number of hash entries */
      tdb_off_t rwlocks; /* obsolete - kept to detect old formats */
      tdb_off_t recovery_start; /* offset of transaction recovery region */
      tdb_off_t sequence_number; /* used when TDB_SEQNUM is set */
      tdb_off_t reserved[29];

struct tdb_lock_type {
      int list;
      uint32_t count;
      uint32_t ltype;

struct tdb_traverse_lock {
      struct tdb_traverse_lock *next;
      uint32_t off;
      uint32_t hash;
      int lock_rw;

struct tdb_methods {
      int (*tdb_read)(struct tdb_context *, tdb_off_t , void *, tdb_len_t , int );
      int (*tdb_write)(struct tdb_context *, tdb_off_t, const void *, tdb_len_t);
      void (*next_hash_chain)(struct tdb_context *, uint32_t *);
      int (*tdb_oob)(struct tdb_context *, tdb_off_t , int );
      int (*tdb_expand_file)(struct tdb_context *, tdb_off_t , tdb_off_t );
      int (*tdb_brlock)(struct tdb_context *, tdb_off_t , int, int, int, size_t);

struct tdb_context {
      char *name; /* the name of the database */
      void *map_ptr; /* where it is currently mapped */
      int fd; /* open file descriptor for the database */
      tdb_len_t map_size; /* how much space has been mapped */
      int read_only; /* opened read-only */
      int traverse_read; /* read-only traversal */
      int traverse_write; /* read-write traversal */
      struct tdb_lock_type global_lock;
      int num_lockrecs;
      struct tdb_lock_type *lockrecs; /* only real locks, all with count>0 */
      enum TDB_ERROR ecode; /* error code for last tdb error */
      struct tdb_header header; /* a cached copy of the header */
      uint32_t flags; /* the flags passed to tdb_open */
      struct tdb_traverse_lock travlocks; /* current traversal locks */
      struct tdb_context *next; /* all tdbs to avoid multiple opens */
      dev_t device;     /* uniquely identifies this tdb */
      ino_t inode;      /* uniquely identifies this tdb */
      struct tdb_logging_context log;
      unsigned int (*hash_fn)(TDB_DATA *key);
      int open_flags; /* flags used in the open - needed by reopen */
      unsigned int num_locks; /* number of chain locks held */
      const struct tdb_methods *methods;
      struct tdb_transaction *transaction;
      int page_size;
      int max_dead_records;
      bool have_transaction_lock;
      volatile sig_atomic_t *interrupt_sig_ptr;

  internal prototypes
int tdb_munmap(struct tdb_context *tdb);
void tdb_mmap(struct tdb_context *tdb);
int tdb_lock(struct tdb_context *tdb, int list, int ltype);
int tdb_lock_nonblock(struct tdb_context *tdb, int list, int ltype);
int tdb_unlock(struct tdb_context *tdb, int list, int ltype);
int tdb_brlock(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, int rw_type, int lck_type, int probe, size_t len);
int tdb_transaction_lock(struct tdb_context *tdb, int ltype);
int tdb_transaction_unlock(struct tdb_context *tdb);
int tdb_brlock_upgrade(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, size_t len);
int tdb_write_lock_record(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t off);
int tdb_write_unlock_record(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t off);
int tdb_ofs_read(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, tdb_off_t *d);
int tdb_ofs_write(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, tdb_off_t *d);
void *tdb_convert(void *buf, uint32_t size);
int tdb_free(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, struct list_struct *rec);
tdb_off_t tdb_allocate(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_len_t length, struct list_struct *rec);
int tdb_ofs_read(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, tdb_off_t *d);
int tdb_ofs_write(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, tdb_off_t *d);
int tdb_lock_record(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t off);
int tdb_unlock_record(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t off);
int tdb_rec_read(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, struct list_struct *rec);
int tdb_rec_write(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, struct list_struct *rec);
int tdb_do_delete(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t rec_ptr, struct list_struct *rec);
unsigned char *tdb_alloc_read(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t offset, tdb_len_t len);
int tdb_parse_data(struct tdb_context *tdb, TDB_DATA key,
               tdb_off_t offset, tdb_len_t len,
               int (*parser)(TDB_DATA key, TDB_DATA data,
                         void *private_data),
               void *private_data);
tdb_off_t tdb_find_lock_hash(struct tdb_context *tdb, TDB_DATA key, uint32_t hash, int locktype,
                     struct list_struct *rec);
void tdb_io_init(struct tdb_context *tdb);
int tdb_expand(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t size);
int tdb_rec_free_read(struct tdb_context *tdb, tdb_off_t off,
                  struct list_struct *rec);

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